Solutions for Sewers, Lift Stations,
Grease Traps and Ponds
Sewer, Lift-Station and Grease Interceptor environments are full of varying kinds of
grease, oil and sewage compounds that are uniquely difficult to maintain in a clean,
odorless condition. GFT has constituted a product approach that effectively eliminates
the problems associated with these environments and that greatly reduces the operating
costs of these settings.
GFT products consist of variable species of different microbes working together to get
the job done. For example, a molecule of grease will consist of multiple compounds,
including fatty acids and glycerol. In addition, there are many compounds present in
sewer effluent that are hostile to microbial metabolism. A single strain of bacteria cannot
break the grease down nor can the grease remediating bio-complex metabolize the
grease if they do not have a supporting cast of characters that buffer microbe-hostile
chemicals and toxins. When the right team of bacteria goes to work, each consuming a
different substrate (food source) and the harmful substances in the effluent are
sufficiently buffered, the compound is quickly consumed. The bacteria secrete enzymes
that break down the grease into its component compounds, which are then individually
consumed by the bacteria, leaving only water and traces of carbon dioxide.
Lift Station Remediation
In a municipal sewer and lift station environment that is contaminated
by fats, oils and grease (FOG), GFT's MuniFOG-425, FOGBloc-428
and MuniNP-429 together provide a complete solution to the problems
of blockage, odor and increased BOD to the municipal wastewater
processing plant. The effluent in municipal sewer systems is highly
complex. It contains a wide variety of substances, both organic and
inorganic, pathogenic and harmless, and both toxic and environmentally
safe. GFT's multi-microbe products handle all of these substances with
the right remediation formulae for the task. Lift stations and "wet wells"
are generally steel containers that are in a constantly corrosive
environment from the multiple contaminants inherent in a typical sewer
atmosphere. Grease from various food particles is a particularly
challenging complex that cause buildup and slug loadings reducing the
sewers and lift station flow capacity.
Sewer and pipe capacity is often adversely affected by excess
FOG elements in the system. These cause odors and blockages
in the pipes and hinder wastewater treatment. Additionally, FOG
can require excess cleaning and premature pipe replacement.
Buildup of grease in the sewer system can also cause dangerous
increases in sewer and lift-station gases. These gases, which
usually are initiated in the anaerobic FOG environment, have the
possibility of both creating dangerous conditions for personnel
and raising the prospect of underground explosions. Elimination
of the root causes of the FOG is the best protection against
these possible scenarios. Continuous treatment of the sewer
and lift station environments with products employing both
aerobic and anaerobic microbes to eliminate the FOG
components are the best defense for the sewer system.
The MuniFOG-425 / FOGBloC-428 bio-complex works equally well in low oxygen,
facultative and aerobic degradation environments. Indigenous bacteria are present
everywhere in the world, in the air, in the lakes and oceans, in the soil and are
nature's recyclers. They clean up the environment and keep it clean. The problem
occurs when there are too many organic contaminants in an environment for the
indigenous bacteria to consume (degrade). This is what occurs in wastewater systems
when the volume of organic waste far overwhelms the number and types of indigenous
waste degrading bacteria available in the sewer. That's where GFT's unique product
design comes into play. Working with the indigenous bacteria already present in the
wastewater system, the GFT product biocultures provide the proper types of
selectively adapted microbials in sufficient numbers to biodegrade the organics and
keep the wastewater system functioning properly.
Sewer Control Process
When placed in the sewer, MuniFOG-425 bacteria build a biological "slime" on the pipe wall. The slime is the
same thing you get on the media of a trickling filter in a sewer treatment plant. It can also be compared to the
slime on a stone picked up in a creek. The bacteria will make the pipe wall too slippery for grease to attach to.
In addition, these bugs "eat" the grease they come in contact with. As long as they have water, oxygen and a
food source, these microbials multiply every 20 minutes. In other words, they continue to multiply in the sewer,
forming every new and hungry "offspring" to keep eating away at the grease and other targeted organic
Sewer grease is at the bottom of their food chain. Its environment contains all varieties of noxious chemicals,
soaps, petroleum byproducts, cellulose and toxic compounds. There is no bacterium that prefers sewer grease.
Most bacteria would rather eat carbohydrates (sugars, starches and celluloses) first. Next they will choose
protein. After all that is gone, there will work on the fats and grease that are easiest to break down. These are
the greases and oil from restaurants - high quality grease from cooked food.
Many strains of bacteria will not eat sewer grease under any circumstances. They simply die off if other
nutrients are not available. The only effective sewage treatment formula is one that will eat sewer grease after
all other food sources are gone. Thus an effective sewer formula requires a carefully selected mix of microbes.
GFT sewer products contain bio-complexes of microbial strains that consume sewer grease. Used as directed,
MuniFOG-425 and FOGBLOC-428 will work every time.
Bacterial growth (colonization) is limited by the supply of organic material. If this limitation is
removed by the addition of organic material nitrogen and phosphate, growth will be
stimulated. During bacterial growth, part of the organic food is used as energy and, as part
of the metabolic process, is broken down into carbon dioxide and water. GFT's MuniNP-429
provides buffered sources of nitrogen and phosphate to stimulate the microbes' colonization
and assure that they have a continuous energy source for their growth.
The MuniFOG-425 formula contain additional bacterial strains which will colonize in low
oxygen facultative degradation environments, compounds for degradation of FOG
compounds, detergents and surfactants, strains for degradation of phenolic and other
aromatic compounds, cellulosic waste degraders, hydrocarbon and wax degraders, sulfide
and noxious odor reduction and the breakdown of starches, sugars and other
carbohydrates. Any material other than the above will not be affected by the bio-complex
products and will remain after treatment. FOGBloc-428, which contains many of the same
components, adds the benefit of long-lasting treatment, as the bloc slowly dissolves in the
high-flow rate sewer/lift-station environments.
Commercial buildings such as restaurants, hotel kitchens and bars, factory cafeterias and restaurants, clubs,
processing plants and the like must have a grease interceptor or trap to accumulate grease that might
otherwise clog the waste lines. When required, a separate waste line is installed to serve pot, scullery, food
scrap and vegetable preparation sinks. Floor drains that may receive kitchen waste spillage and floor drains
that may receive waste from individual fixtures, appliances or other apparatus must go through an approved
Grease interceptors (aka, traps) are designed to separate solids and liquids. Effluent enters
the trap by the inflow pipe from the kitchen or area where grease originates. Heavy solid
waste sinks to the bottom while grease and other lighter wastes float on top. Larger
interceptors are multi-chamber where only the last chamber empties into the sewer system
Baffles in the grease trap hold the lighter waste for easy cleaning. The remaining separated
liquid flows out the outflow pipe into the sewer system. Grease traps come in different
sizes and shapes. The size is based on the gallon capacity the grease trap can hold. The
larger the trap capacity, the more retention time grease trap effluent will have in the trap
and the more time the bacteria in the trap will have to degrade the grease, oil and
suspended solids in the effluent.
The GreenFlash Technologies Grease Remediation Process consists of four products, DrainSaver-423™,
FOGX-427, FogBloc-428, and MuniNP-429. These products are used together to treat the grease trap and
drains leading to the trap. While not all installations may need all of the products, most larger institutions will
normally benefit from each of the products. FogBloc-428 and MuniNP-429 operate the same way as in the
sewer or lift-station, providing time-released bacteria into the grease trap and adding the nutrients needed to
enhance the remediation process. The amount of each required will be substantially less. The main constituents
of these products are microbial bio-complexes (principally natural bacteria); enzymes to enhance the biological
reactions plus surfactants to aid the cleansing process and maintain the bioremediation action. Multiple
microbials are employed to address all of the potential grease and fat contaminants in the trap. The products
are formulated to rapidly bio-degrade grease, oils and organic solids in grease traps and significantly deodorize
the effluent within the traps and drains leading to the traps. The grease and fat contaminants are totally
eliminated and cannot re-form in the trap or in the sewer system.
Once FOGX-427™ is applied to a grease trap, under normal circumstances, it should seldom
have to be pumped, usually only to remove non-biodegradable trash from the trap such as
plastic, metal objects, glassware, rags, bones, etc. Once applied, FOGX-427™ will
immediately start to grow colonies of bacteria on the walls, baffles, and the top and bottom
of the grease trap. Colonies will also start to grow on the grease crust itself. One of the
principal advantages of treatment with FOGX-427™ is that it will clean the entire grease
trap. The average grease trap will require about 2 - 4 weeks to bring "under control"
depending on trap capacity and volume into the trap.
DrainSaver-423™ adds the dimension of cleaning the drains leading to the trap,
particularly those that handle most of the grease. Putting a couple of ounces of
DrainSaver-423™ into each drain will keep the drains running feely and help alleviate
odors emanating from decaying grease molecules remaining in the drains.
There should always be some grease floating on top of the water in a grease trap. This is the grease recently
drained into the trap that the bacteria have not had a chance to digest. The grease crust will usually stay about
1 to 3 inches thick. This is expected and required for normal operation of the trap. Together, the GFT Grease
Remediation Process will provide a total grease trap solution for the restaurant, dormitory, market or any other
eating or food preparation establishment. Continuous treatment with these products will provide the assurance
that odors will be eliminated from the traps and drains, and that the FOG elements entering the trap will not be
transferred to the municipal sewer and left-station environment.
AquaKleer-601 is a bio-complex of organic acids, buffers, natural biological systems,
nutrients and energy systems which balance the natural microbial ecosystem in aquatic
environments. Formulated for use in fresh and salt water aqua-farms, golf course ponds,
etc. AquaKleer-601 biodegrades fecal matter, increases DO, de-stratifies oxygen levels
in water (oxygen reaches deeper into treated ponds), healthy algae growth for
vigorously feeding fish, reduced electric costs due to less mechanical aeration of ponds
to increase DO levels in water. Fish respond by increased activity and mobility due to
increased dissolved oxygen concentrations at greater depths throughout the ponds. It
also increases the bio-oxidation in aqua-farm environments creating a "wet burn" which
reduces organic wastes, significantly reduces foul odors.
PondKleen-418 is a high potency, bacteria-laden, powdered formulation for use in
controlling algae through the competition of available nutrients in the water.
PondKleen-418 contains a specially formulated, proprietary blend of aerobic and
facultative microorganisms and surfactants. It contains no chemicals. Because of the
diversity of the microorganisms' enzymes, this product is excellent for increasing water
clarity through controlling algae population. The safe naturally occurring bacteria and
enzymes are present in high numbers to handle difficult algae and odor related problems.
Some advantages include: Enhanced BOD/COD removal, hydrogen sulfide and sludge
buildup. It breaks down fat & grease buildup and eliminates malodors at their source