Finally, a Proven Solution to the Saline Soil Problem
The environmental contamination of the greatest number of acres of farmland in the US is caused not by toxic chemicals or oil spills but by salt. Over 23% of irrigable land in the US is now salt-impacted and the number grows every year. In the California San Joaquin Valley alone, over 2.8 million tons of salt enter the valley each year and only 350,000 tons leave it. Worldwide, the problem is estimated at over 20% of all irrigable lands being salt-impacted.
When soil is damaged by salt contamination, the harm extends immediately to native grasses, trees, shrubs and crops, preventing seed germination and plant growth.
Saline conditions also destroy favorable microorganisms vital to productive, balanced soil. Soil contamination is most prevalent in three main areas of environmental concern: agriculture/turf irrigation/fertilization, sea water penetration (including tsunamis) and oil production. In most cases, crop irrigation is pumped from underground aquifers that contain high amounts of soluble salts. When land is irrigated with this water, large amounts of salt accumulate on the surface. If salts are not leached or buffered adequately, there will be significant damage to plant roots.
The two photos are of farmland in Carrington, ND on a four acre parcel thathad never grew anything. The salt infestation as seen in the "Before" photo is - as you can see - gone in the "After" photo. The farmer used SaltDetox-1051™, then planted & successfully harvested his first crop of barley within a total four month period of time.
Until recent years, the idea of "soil salinity" was not an issue that was common knowledge. Farmers accepted the death of crops and blamed in on pests or nature; gardeners just kept adding more fertilizers or amendments to growing plants, and little attention was given as to the "how" and the "why". Sometimes knowing the "how" and the "why" is critical to solving an issue rather than just giving the problem a temporary fix.
• Increased soil dispersion and swelling (plugging soil micro-pores)
• Decreased soil flocculation, infiltration and conductivity
• Increased surface crusting
• Increased osmotic pressure at root boundary Increased toxicity in the plant cells
• Decreased microbial biomass in the root zone
• Decreased ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen
• Reduction of plant ability to uptake potassium
The GreenFlash Technologies' Salt Detoxification Process and Technology (GFT SDP) has been developed to overcome all of the conditions described above.The process employs a multi-technology approach using a combination of soil microbes, secondary metabolites, enzymes and organic acids to specifically address both the soil structure conditions and the plant nutrient and water uptake mechanisms. It includes several factors that work together to greatly enrich the soil environment and dramatically improve the quality of plants in the soil.

The factors include:
" Improvement in soil base saturation percentages
" Improved soil structure
" Salt buffering & complexing
" Increased microbial activity
" Humus creation
" Reduced soil compaction
" Increased plant nutrient uptake
" Enhanced water management in the soil

This process will dramatically improve soil and plant health, greatly reduce the impact of salt contamination and provide an increase in both crop yields and quality. Results are normally visibly observable within two months after the first application.
The GFT Salt Remediation Products:
SaltDetox-1051 & SaltDetox-1062
The optimum application protocol is dependent on both the soil salt contamination levels and the sensitivity of the specific crop being grown. A standard protocol normally utilizes about three applications at two week intervals. Lower value crops normally require a lower level of treatment and higher-value more sensitive crops will generally require a higher level. Unless the contamination level is coming from a high-salt irrigation water source, most farms will only require a one season remediation treatment with lower maintenance treatment levels in future years.
SaltDetox-1051 contains organic acids (i.e.,aromatic compounds) that break the sodium free from its current combinations (with Ca, Mg, Clay, other heavy metals, etc...) and complexes it to the organic acid molecule. It thus becomes an organic compound which will not then be toxic to the plant . Additionally, other nutrients in the soil (Ca, Mg, Si, etc...) are broken free from their sodium compounds and carried into the plant for nutrients uptake. This leaves the sodium alone to be carried away from the root zone by the water and even leached deeper into the ground. The sodium then never gets a chance to be assimilated into the plant because it has no carrier.

SaltDetox-1062 contains live microbes that increase the microbial activity in the plant rhizosphere. Healthy and active microbial populations in the soil convert organic K+, Mg+ and Ca++ to the mineral form which makes them more readily available to plants through osmotic action than any sodium present within the root zone. Therefore, the plant uptakes the K+, Mg+ and Ca++ and rejects the Na+.
Saline soils are indicative of inadequate drainage to leach salt from the soil or upward migration of salt from shallow ground water. Sodic (sodium dominated) soils have an abundance of sodium. Reclaimed water, fertilizers, soil amendments, manure and poor drainage may all contribute to salt and sodium buildup.

Salt concentration in soil is usually measure on terms of electrical conductivity (Ec) and sodium in terms of sodium absorption ratio (SAR). SAR measures the relative amount of sodium ions in the soil moderated by the amount of calcium and magnesium in the soil. Generally an Ec>4 is considered saline and SAR>12 is considered sodic. For most plants, soil conditions of Ec>5 and/or SAR>15 will lead to significant growth degradation and inability to absorb water.
SaltDetox-1051

SaltDetox-1061
When soil is damaged by salt contamination, the harm extends immediately to native grasses, trees, shrubs and crops, preventing seed germination and plant growth. Saline conditions also destroy favorable microorganisms vital to productive, balanced soil. Salt contamination is most prevalent in two main areas of environmental concern: agricultural irrigation/fertilization and oil production. In most cases, crop irrigation is pumped from underground aquifers that contain high amounts of soluble salts. When land is irrigated with this water, large amounts of salt accumulate on the surface. If salts are not leached adequately, there will be significant damage to plant roots.

Excess salinity and sodicity can each have deleterious effects on both the soil physical properties and the health of plants in the soil. Salinity and sodicity are necessary for soil and plant health (at a low level), but they can both very quickly become toxic when they their levels exceed minimum thresholds. Chloridity is a micro-nutrient for plants at low levels, used by the plant to aid in photo-synthesis cell development and increased leaf area. However, at levels above 75 ppm, it starts becoming toxic to sensitive plants.

Salinity becomes a problem when enough salts accumulate in the root zone to negatively affect plant growth due to the increased osmotic pressure at the root boundary and the increased energy required by the plants to uptake the necessary amounts of water for their health. A positive effect of non-sodic salinity is increased flocculation of the soil due to the improved aggregation of the soil particles. Non-sodic salts, such as calcium and magnesium, are smaller and tend to bind better to the clay soil particles, causing fine particles to bind together into aggregates and leave larger spaces for water conductivity.
The combination of non-sodic and sodic effects can be either helpful or more harmful. The presence of calcium or magnesium salts can counter some of the soil dispersion problems caused by the sodium (improving the flocculation), and can displace some of the sodium, making it easier to leach it out of the soil. However, the increased osmotic pressure associated with higher levels of any salinity quickly overcomes the benefits and causes increased stress in the plants lowering their ability to acquire the water they need to grow.
Increased levels of sodicity (beyond that needed to support plant cell life) causes a number of both soil and plant problems. Some of these are: